Let's Talk About Vanuatu

  • 21
The small island nation of Vanuatu, located on the other side of the globe, is an unspoilt paradise of Oceania. One of the fastest growing offshore zones in the Pacific basin. Tax haven. A country that offers unique opportunities if you want to get a second passport in the shortest possible time, without paperwork and without spending large amounts. How does Vanuatu live and why getting local citizenship? Read in our article.

Vanuatu on the Map

The island nation of Vanuatu is located in the South Pacific archipelago and has maritime borders with the Solomon Islands (to the North), New Caledonia (to the Southwest), Fiji (to the East) and Australia (to the West).

The country occupies 83 islands, of which two-thirds are inhabited. The main ones are Efate (where the capital and main airport of the country are located), Espiritu Santo (the largest island), Malekula and Tanna (with an active volcano). The total length of the territory from North to South is 1300 km.

The islands of the archipelago have a volcanic nature, which has affected their flora and fauna. There you will find mountains, dormant and active volcanoes, underground and underwater caves, rainforests, waterfalls, lakes, pristine beaches and coral reefs along the coasts. There are no large mammals, venomous snakes or spiders. The region is rich in marine life, birds and reptiles.

The islands have a tropical climate with a short rainy season from December to March. The average daily temperature is 20-32C.

Area 12 190 sq.km
Capital city Port Vila
Population >300 thousand people, of which more than 98% are Melanesians, the rest are Pacific islanders, Chinese, Australians, New Zealanders and Europeans
Language Bislam language, English, French
GDP per person $3,260 (2019)
Currency Vatu (VUV)
Rating in the passport index* 38

* An indicator that ranks countries by the level of freedom of movement, taking into account the rules of the visa regime. The highest positions get passports with visa-free entry to the largest number of countries.

Flights and Visas

The main airport of the country Bauerfield International Airport can be reached through Australia or New Zealand, where planes fly to many international airlines. Convenient transit flights by airlines:

  • Aeroflot, Qantas Airways and Cathay Pacific via Hong Kong;
  • Korean Air via Seoul;
  • JAL, Air New Zealand and Qantas Airways via Tokyo;
  • Air China, Dragonair and Air New Zealand via Beijing;
  • Emirates Airlines via Dubai.

The national airline Air Vanuatu operates flights from Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, the Solomon Islands and New Caledonia to Vanuatu. In addition, you can fly from Australia to Vanuatu on planes of the Australian airlines Pacific Blue and Qantas Airways, from Fiji - Air Pacific, from the Solomon Islands - Solomon Airlines, from New Caledonia - Air Caledonie.

Since transfers are usually made in Australia or New Zealand, some people may need a transit visa. Especially since the transfer may be delayed.

To cross the border without hindrance, all travelers will need:

  • a passport (must be valid for six months from the date of entry into the country);
  • a return ticket;
  • hotel reservations;
  • proofs of financial resources for the period of stay in the country;
  • health insurance.

If one parent with a minor child goes on a trip to Vanuatu, a couple of documents are added to the package. This is an original or copy of the child's birth certificate, as well as a notarized consent to the child's departure from the parent or guardian. Documents must be translated into English.

Visitors in Vanuatu also need to pay an exit fee of about $30. It must be paid in cash for everyone over 12 years old.

Attractions and Infrastructure


Vanuatu has already become popular among foreigners for its tropical forests and beaches, unique underwater world, volcanoes, incredible traditions and unique culture.

Each island of the archipelago has its own characteristics. The oldest sandalwood thickets, pristine beaches, mountains and caves can be found on the Erromango island.

Walk along the slopes of an active Yasur volcano on the island of Tanna. This volcano is the most easily accessible for tourists: its height is 361 meters above the sea level.

More than 30 original tribes, each of which has managed to preserve its way of life and language for several hundred years, can be visited on the island of Malekula. Go to Lelepa island to see the oldest rock paintings in Fels Cave.

For a beach holiday and more choose the Epi island. Here, in addition to bays with white and black volcanic sand, excursions to ancient colonial plantations and rainforests are available.

And on the largest island of the archipelago Esprito Santo there is one of the most beautiful beaches on the planet "White Songs" and the highest point of the island and the country as a whole the Mount Tabwemasana (1,649 meters above sea level). Dozens of ships were shipwrecked and sank in the area of the island. Now it attracts divers from all over the world.

And on Vanuatu, near the island of Efate, the world's only underwater post office is located. After diving to a depth of 5-6 meters, you can send a letter previously placed in a special waterproof envelope.


The islands have six provinces (Malampa, Penama, Sanma, Tafea, Torba, Shefa), more than 15 cities and settlements. The largest and most populous by local standards are the capital city Port Vila and Luganville.

Port Vila is the largest city and capital of Vanuatu. The country's main city is home to government offices, business districts and a bustling commercial port with a modern port district surrounding it.

The capital city has many beautiful historical buildings from colonial times. At the same time, churches and buildings of the Constitution Building, Parliament, Court House and the main post office are no less interesting for tourists. Also, noteworthy are the cultural center, where you can see works of art by local craftsmen and artisans, small cozy villages located on the outskirts of the city, as well as a series of coastal markets.

Port Vila has a well-developed infrastructure. There are meat and fish processing plants, hospitals, shops, banks, public transport, etc. The main international airport of Vanuatu Bowerfield is placed nearby. There is everything you need for a comfortable stay of tourists: hotels, numerous discos, first-class restaurants, casinos, golf courses, souvenir shops, boutiques, duty-free shops…


Luganville, or Santo (as it is called by people from the Northern islands of Vanuatu), is a port town with wide central streets (a legacy of 2nd World War militarization) that house modest municipal offices, law firms, banks, a major hospital, shops and markets. Every year more and more hotels open here. For tourists, there is a golf club, fitness clubs, beauty salons, bars and restaurants all year round. Public transport is provided by taxis and buses. Also, the city is served by the international airport Santo-Pekoa.

Both Port Vila and Luganville have access to 24-hour electricity, central water supply, telephone, Internet, and a wide variety of shops. In other town, these benefits of civilization are limited and may even be absent.


In Port Vila and Luganville, you can stay in apartments, hotels, complexes of dozens of bungalows and usually have three or four stars, less often five. Guest houses are available on small islands.


Public transport like buses and taxis operate on most of the islands of the state, but there is no railway connection. The country also has developed local sea and air transport. So, between the islands located at a short distance from each other, you can move on boats and small vessels. You can reach distant islands on boards the national air carrier. The country's largest ports are in Port Vila, Luganville and Forari.


Mobile communication services on the Islands are provided by TVL and Digicel operators, while Internet access is provided by TVL, Telsat Broadband, Digicel and Wantok. Generally, coverage is good in urban areas, but connectivity gets worse when moving to rural areas.


Primary school education in the country is free and accessible to everyone, with the exception of a few remote tribal areas. Training is conducted in English or French. Lower secondary education is available in several English secondary schools and French mission schools. Complete secondary education at Malapoa English-language College and French lycee in Port Vila.

For higher education, especially medical or technical, locals go to Australia, New Zealand or Fiji. Although in the same capital there are campuses of the University of the South Pacific (University of the South Pacific), which belongs to 12 countries of Oceania, teachers ' College, Agricultural school and Institute of technology.


Medical care in the country is basic and is provided by public hospitals, as well as private medical institutions and small medical centers (mainly in small localities). Their activities are monitored by the Vanuatu Ministry of Health. Significant assistance is provided by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Politics and Economics

The state gained independence from France and great Britain only in 1980. The change of state structure also led to a change of name. Before that, the country was called the New Hebrides.

Vanuatu is a parliamentary democracy with elections held every four years. And the adopted Constitution established a republican form of government. The legal system on the island is mixed, consisting of English, French and local law.

The island state is a member of many international organizations. Namely, the UN, the WTO, the Commonwealth of Nations, Francophonie, the South Pacific Commission and the Pacific Islands Forum.

The economic basis of the country's life is agriculture, animal husbandry, fishing, tourism and, of course, foreign investment. The government has developed a state tax system to ensure that as much as possible of the latter flows into the country (although 15% of Vanuatu's GDP is already received from international companies). This means that the authorities are interested in creating a favorable legal and business environment for businesses. Bottom line: the country is a dynamically developing offshore zone and a tax haven for many foreign investors.

In particular, international companies (IBCS) registered in Vanuatu are exempt from paying taxes for 20 years. They only pay an annual fee of $300. Corporate and income taxes for businessmen who want to buy a ready-made company on the island are 0%.

There is no tax on income, wealth, inheritance, capital gains and capital outflows for individuals. At the same time, the tax conditions on the island are the same for both local residents and non-residents of the country.

The main currency is cotton wool. Many establishments accept the US, Australian and New Zealand dollars. The current exchange rate of vatu against foreign currencies can be viewed on the website of the National Bank of the country.

Real Estate and Construction

Real estate in Vanuatu is usually represented by low-rise buildings such as villas and houses with several apartments. Both new and secondary housing can withstand various natural disasters. Tsunamis, earthquakes, cyclones with heavy rains and gale force winds are not uncommon here.

The average cost of a single apartment in the center of Port Vila is about $150,000. Prices for private homes located near the beaches start from $200,000. Of course, we are talking about high-quality new housing, which is chosen by expats from Australia, New Zealand and other countries.

The monthly rent for an apartment in the capital will vary from $500 to $1,500 depending on the location and the number of bedrooms. The rent for a house by the ocean is between $1,000 and $2,500 a month.

Real estate in Vanuatu:
Island for 7 303 833 euro in Luganville, Vanuatu
7 303 833 €
Island in Luganville, Vanuatu
1080000 sq.m
This 108 hectare private island is located close to the large island of Vanua Lava. It is possible to reach it in 40 minutes with a small 8-seater plane directly from the airport of Santo where private jets land, without going through the airport of Port-Villa much further south of the archipelago. Only a few hours from Australia, this private...
Property Investor
Island for 2 008 554 euro in Luganville, Vanuatu
2 008 554 €
Island in Luganville, Vanuatu
10.6 hectares
Remote Transaction
Walking through the magnificent rainforest on this beautiful naturally lush private island in the word privileged springs to mind. Whoever becomes the next owner of this amazing haven will be privileged, just as our sellers have been for the last 8 years. This island has all that you would expect a tropical island would offer – several...
Property Investor
Island for 680 000 euro in Luganville, Vanuatu
680 000 €
Island in Luganville, Vanuatu
1.72 hectares
Enjoy the peace and tranquility of your own island and beach - away from the hustle and bustle of the mainland activities. Stay in your cute island cottage situated just a few steps from your own private white sandy beach. You could be swimming every day in clear, blue tropical waters. Turtles are regular visitors and if you are lucky you could...
Property Investor
Island in Luganville, Vanuatu (price on request)
Price on request
Island in Luganville, Vanuatu
113 hectares
This private island consists of 108 hectares of commercial land and 5 hectares of agricultural land. It is available for a remaining (renewable) period of 63 years. There are 4 small traditional farés (traditional huts) located on the island. The construction of further houses would also be possible subject to building permits. Currently,...
Property Investor
Island for 1 825 958 euro in Luganville, Vanuatu
1 825 958 €
Island in Luganville, Vanuatu
134 hectares
Wild Island is a real gem in the South Pacific and is located far enough from Espiritu Santo on Vanuatu to live privately, but close enough that you are not completely isolated. Just a few minutes from the mainland, the island is easily accessible by boat, and there is also enough space for a possible helipad and runway. There is plenty of space...
Property Investor
Island for 6 847 343 euro in Luganville, Vanuatu
6 847 343 €
Island in Luganville, Vanuatu
684 hectares
A tropical island for sale of this massive size is a rare find. 684 hectares (1690 acres) of land and literally kilometres of coastline with hundreds of metres of sandy beaches which creates an amazing opportunity for someone seeking space for commercial activities – or to ensure their privacy. Hundreds of coconut trees from bygone days...
Property Investor

Citizenship by Investment

A feature that distinguishes Vanuatu from its neighbors in the region is that this country is the only one that gives citizenship for investment in the State Fund and for a long time. The first offers for investors appeared in the 90s and subsequently changed several times.

In 2015, the government launched the Vanuatu Economic Rrehabilitation Program (VERP) to restore the territories destroyed by cyclone Pam. And in 2017, the VERP program was replaced with two focused on different markets.

The Vanuatu Contribution Program (VCP) has been developed for residents of the Eastern region, which includes China, Taiwan, Macao and Hong Kong. And for citizens of Europe, including Russia, America and Africa, there is the Vanuatu Citizenship Development Support Program (DSP).

As part of the two programs, more than 5 thousand passports have already been issued by the end of 2019. And in the first half of 2019, according to the Vanuatu Treasury, $46 million was invested in the economy.

The programs are constantly being improved, and the reference point is the standards adopted in European citizenship by investment programs. At the moment, the government of Vanuatu plans to review the VCP program, namely, to implement measures to strengthen due diligence. Changes may slightly affect the timing, cost and list of documents at this stage.

Pros and cons of getting a passport:

  1. A relatively low threshold for entering the program starts from $130,000.
  2. All investments are non-refundable.
  3. The fastest time to get a second passport is six weeks.
  4. Minimal package of documents.
  5. The passport can be inherited by the children of the main applicant.
  6. Opportunity to get higher education in the UK and France on preferential terms.
  7. There are no obligations to the country and no residence requirements.
  8. Visa-free travel to 129 countries, including the United Kingdom (180 days a year), the European Union (90 days each half-year), Hong Kong and Singapore.
  9. Access to long-term US, Australian and Canadian visas.
  10. Comfortable tax conditions, the opportunity to open and conduct business in Asia.

Read about the detailed description of the conditions for obtaining citizenship of Vanuatu:

Useful Links

Photos: pixabay.com

Quoting conditions of Prian.info materials

Share the link:
Tags: Vanuatu

Read also

The Holders of a Vanuatu Passport May Lose Visa-free Entry to the EU
It can seriously harm Vanuatu's investment program.
St. Kitts and Nevis tightens citizenship by investment rules under EU pressure
The new rules take effect immediately.
Foreigners Have Purchased a Record Number of Housing in the Balearic Islands
The region accounted for 34.4% of the total volume of transactions with foreigners in Spain.
Czech Republic is going to increase property tax next year
Property tax rates will increase to approximately 1.8 times their current value
Real Estate Transactions in Estonia Has Decreased to the Level of 2016
Only 1,771 apartments were sold in Estonia in October. That is 8.9% less than in the previous...
Property sales in Cyprus have surged by 23% in the first half of the year
The number of concluded sales has reached more than 7000 during the first six months of 2023.

Interesting to read

News and articles on the topic «Vanuatu»

The Holders of a Vanuatu Passport May Lose Visa-free Entry to the EU

It can seriously harm Vanuatu's investment program.

  • 14.01.2022
  • 15

Best Citizenship by Investment Programs in 2021

Investment citizenship programs have been around for 30 years and they are very popular. However,...

  • 21.12.2020
  • 34